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Corresponding Author: R.Ramasubramania Raja email: [email protected] Abstract: Luffa acutangula Linn. Var. Amara Rox...

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P.Vijayasanthi et al , Int. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Medicine (IJPSM), Vol.2 Issue. 1, January- 2017, pg. 01-09 ISSN:: 2519-9889 ISSN

Luffa Acutangula- Phyto Pharmacological Review 1

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P.Vijayasanthi , G.Mydhili , M.Aswini , S.Seshadri , R.Ramasubramania R.Ramasubramania Raja , M.Sreenivasulu 1

Department of Pharmacognosy, Narayana Pharmacy College, Nellore, A.P 2

Principal Narayana Pharmacy College, Nellore, A.P

Corresponding Author: R.Ramasubramania Raja email: [email protected]

 Ab  A bstrac stractt: L uffa ac acuta utangula ngula Linn Li nn.. Var. A mara Ro R oxb is foun found d in thro througho ughout ut I ndia. ndia. I t is com commonly  pre  prese sent nt in the waste ste land land also lso. This T his pla plant nt fruit frui t po portion rtion is valua valuab ble for for hyp hypoglyca glycae emic, ant antiulcer, iulcer, anti nti  py  pyretic, retic, and ant antii hyp hypertens rtensive ive effe effect ct.. I n this prese resent nt re r eview iew is focu focuse sed d on the pha pharm rma acogno cognost stica icall characters like scientific classification, vernacular name and the plant potential in biological activity is descri descri bed. bed. I n this r eview i s more more usefu usefull for fur ther ther r esearch search stude students. K eyw ywo or ds: L uffa uf fa acuta acutangula, ngula, I ndi ndi a, hypoglyca hypoglycae emi c, antiulce ntiul cerr , anti anti hype hyper tensi tensive ve Introduction: Scientific classification:-

Kingdom

: Plantae

Division Division

: Magnoliophyta Magnoliophyta

Class

: Magnoliopsida

Order

: Cucurbitales

Family

: Cucurbitace

Sub Family

: Cucurbitoideae

Tribe

: Benincaseae

Sub tribe

: Luffinae Luffinae

Genus

: Luffa

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P.Vijayasanthi et al , Int. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Medicine (IJPSM), Vol.2 Issue. 1, January- 2017, pg. 01-09 ISSN:: 2519-9889 ISSN

Species

: acutangula

Biological source source : Luffa acutangula( angled Luffa,ridged Luffa,ridged Luffa,vegetable gourd) Synonyms

: poppya Neck.ex M.Roem. Trevauxia steud.,orth.var. Trevouxia scop. Turia forssk.

Vernacular names :-

Sanskrit

: Gantali, kosataki, ksweda, sutikta.

Bengali

: Zinga, Titotorai ,Titojhinga, Ghoshalata.

English

: Ribbed gourd, silk gourd, Ridge gourd, Angled loofah, Chinese okra, Sinkw

towel sponge, vegetable sponge. Gujarat

: Turiya, Kadawa.

Hindi

: Turai, satputia, Jhimani.

Kannada

: Hire- Valli, Kahire, Baaga daali balli.

Malayalam

: PeerKam, Athanga.

Marathi

: Dodka Turiya, Divali, Kadudodaki, kadushirali, kadu turai, Ranturai.

Punjab Tamil Telugu

: Turiya, Jhinga, Shirola. : Peerkku, karniti, Kacappi, Itukari, Itukari, karnityikkoti, peerkangai. :Beera , chedu Beera, varri Beera, Adavi Beera, chati beer, Sendubirai, Nethi

 beerkaya. © 2017, IJPSM All Rights Reserved, www.ijpsm.com

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P.Vijayasanthi et al , Int. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Medicine (IJPSM), Vol.2 Issue. 1, January- 2017, pg. 01-09 ISSN:: 2519-9889 ISSN

Urdu

: Turai.

Assam

: Zika.

Kerala

: Peechinga.

Maharashtra Japan Philippines China Indonesia

: Dodka : Hechima. : Patola. : Sigua, Oyong. : Sigua, Oyong.

Korea

: Susemi.

Manipur

: Sebot.

Growth and distribution :-

The Luffa acutangula Linn. Var. Amara Roxb is a large monoeious annual climber. It is indigenous to western, Central Central and Southern regions of India, and regarded as Wild variety of cultivated species. It resembles to Luffa acutangula in every ascepts, except that it has smaller leaves, flowers, flowers, fruits, fruits, and seeds. Distribution : Luffa Luffa acutangula is pantropical and cultivated throughout India. India. Habit

: Herb.

Propagation.

: propagation of Luffa acutangula by seeds.

 Native range

: India and naturalised naturalised tropic and Sub tropics.

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P.Vijayasanthi et al , Int. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Medicine (IJPSM), Vol.2 Issue. 1, January- 2017, pg. 01-09 ISSN:: 2519-9889 ISSN

Cultivation.

: Luffa acutangula can grow in all type of soils and can be grown in rainy

Season. Seeds can accordingly be down do wn either in February- marth(or) june- July. MORPHOLOGY:

Fig: 1 Luffa acutangula

Root

: Roots are yellowishyellowish- Brown in colour, almost almost cylindrical cylindrical in shape, having 8- 12cm

length and 0.7cm thickness. They are rough in touch because of longitudinal wrinkles and also showed Presence of New adventitious roots. roots. S tem

: Stem is brownish- yellow in colour, 0.2-0.4cm thick, 5 angled, glabrous, and consists

of tendrils.

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P.Vijayasanthi et al , Int. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Medicine (IJPSM), Vol.2 Issue. 1, January- 2017, pg. 01-09 ISSN:: 2519-9889 ISSN

Leaf

:

Petiole is brownish yellow coloured, 3-8cm in length; somewhat twisted, wrinkled

and angular, While While lamina having Pale (or) lightlight- green colour, 6-9cm long, long, crumpled and  broad. Flower :

Male flower is 1.3cm long, light greenish- yellow coloured, occurs in small racemes

having Pubescent calyx and lanceolate lobes. Three stages are present and corolla is yellow in colour, where as female flower is solitary, yellow coloured having 5-10cm long pedicel. Ovary is Strongly ribbed and trifid stigma is present. Fruit

:

Fruits are obovate, cylindrical (or) club- shaped, Pale yellowish-brownin colour

having 9-12cm Length and 2-4cm width. These are tapering towards the base and covered with 8-10 prominent longitudinal ribs on outer surface. These are three Chambers, of which inner part is fibrous and easily detachable from outer one. Seeds

:

Seeds are black coloured, bitter in taste, having ovoid- oblong shape. The length is

generally 0.6-0.8cm with width of 0.5-0.6cm. Uses of Luffa acutangula:

1. Luffa acutangula has diuretic diuretic properties 2. It is used as an expectorant and hypoglycemic. 3. It is used as a bitter tonic. 4. It is used for to reduce hyper acidity. 5. The leaves of Luffa acutangula are useful in the treatment of dysentery dysentery conditions. 6. The leaves (or) juice of Luffa acutangula are used as dressing in the diseases such as Inflammation of spleen, Ring worms, Piles, Leprosy. 7. Pounded leaves mixed with garlic are applied app lied locally for relief in Leprosy. 8. The roots of Luffa acutangula added to milk (or) water is helpful in the removal of kidney k idney stones.

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P.Vijayasanthi et al , Int. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Medicine (IJPSM), Vol.2 Issue. 1, January- 2017, pg. 01-09 ISSN:: 2519-9889 ISSN

9. Roots of Luffa acutangula are added to cooled water. Luffa acutangula boiled in hot water and applied on skin is helpful in the swelling of the lymph glands. 10. Oil is extracted from the seeds of Luffa acutangula which is used in the treatment of skin diseases. 11. Luffa acutangula is also an effective home remedy for the prevention of premature greying of hair. 12. Luffa acutangula is chopped in small pieces along with the ribbed skin and completely dried in the Sun. Once, the Luffa acutangula is fully dry, it is made into a powder and used to prevent the premature greying of hair. Luffa acutangula in ayurveda:-

Ayurveda has attributed luffa acutangla with a number of health benefits which current clinical research is supporting as well. The luffa acutangula are rich in mineral and are very alkaline for the

body

and

hence

they

have

a

cooling

effect

on

the

body.

From ayurveda point of view ,increases vata and kapha, but it cools down and pacifies the dosha  pitta in the body. In spite of their bland taste,l uffa acutangula have many health benefits;  Nutrition; luffa acutangulahas many nutritional benefits as it loaded with fibers, vitamins and minerals.it also has low calories and fats which make them an integral part a healthy diet. Luffa Acutangula and weigh loss:-

Since the luffa acutangula is low in saturated fat and cholesterol.it is the ideal diet for those who are looking for weigh loss.luffa acutangula has a high water content which makes it a food with very less calories. calories. Luffa acutangula and treatment of jaundice; jaundice; the luffa acuangula juice is very good natural remedy for the treatment of jaundice. The juice which is prepared by pounding the luffa Acuangula or the powder which made from the bitter luffa acutangula seeds and crust is helpful in the cure of jaundice. The dried fruits are powdered and used as snuff in the treatment of jaundice. © 2017, IJPSM All Rights Reserved, www.ijpsm.com

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P.Vijayasanthi et al , Int. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Medicine (IJPSM), Vol.2 Issue. 1, January- 2017, pg. 01-09 ISSN:: 2519-9889 ISSN

helps in the purification, restoration and nourishment of the liver and is also helpful in the liver detoxification

resulting

from

alcohol

intoxication.

Luffa acutugula and hypoglycaemia:-

luffa acutangula has certain peptides which are exactly like insulin and cherantin chemicals which help in reducing and urine sugar levels. Luffa acutangula in constipation:-

The cellulose fibres present in the luffa acutangula are help full in the treatment of constipation and also effect in the treatment of piles. Luffa acutangula and skin care:-  Luffa acutangula allowed to dry and mature on the vile, it

can be harvested has a sponge. This loofah sponge has been used traditionally exfoliating  product while bathing. they are considered helpful in removing dead cells from the skin thus making the skin smooth and conditioned. The blood purifying properties the luffa acutangula are helpful against pimples and acne problems. Loofah sponge is also effective in fighting off foot and body odor. Luffa acutangula as immune system booster: - juice of luffa acutangula mixed with other

healthy vegetables vegetables taken daily helps in strengthening of immune immune system and helps the body fighting off infections effectively. Luffa acutangula for eyes: -

The high β carotin content of Luffa acutangula iut in eyes to treat granular conjunctivitis and styes Luffa acutangula is also useful useful as emetic, expectorant and and demulcent Luffa acutangula ayurvedic remedies:-

1. For jaundice: One cup Luffa Luffa acutangula juice mixed mixed with 2 spoons of sugar, if taken twice Daily cures jaundice. © 2017, IJPSM All Rights Reserved, www.ijpsm.com

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P.Vijayasanthi et al , Int. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Medicine (IJPSM), Vol.2 Issue. 1, January- 2017, pg. 01-09 ISSN:: 2519-9889 ISSN

2. for for bleeding bleeding from wound:

The Pulp of the Luffa acutangula is ground and applied on the

wound. This will stop bleeding bleeding from from the wounds. wounds. 3. For stomach worms: 1 Luffa acutangula boiled in two glasses of water and then adequate Salt is added to to it it . If this mixture mixture is killed twice daily, stomach worms will be killed.

4. For

asthma; Grind the Luffa acutangula to extract ½ cup Luffa Luffa acutangula juice mixed mixed With sugar and taken twice a day will cure cancer. Conclusion :

Luffa acutangula belongs belongs to the family of cucurbitaceae, our review conclude this plant having having weight loss, immune system booster, treatment of jaundice, wound healing, anthelmintinc, conjunctivitis, expectorant, and skin care.

References: [1] “The Plant List: A working List of All plant species” Retrieved 21 November 2014. [2] M.M.P.N.D.- sorting Luffa names. Plant names. Unimelb.edu.au (2000-02-06). Retrieved on 2014-05-26. [3] Luffa Angled. Kitazawaseed. Com (2014-01-22). Retrieved on 2014-05-26. [4] Anonymous: The Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia of India, Ministry of Health and Family welfare Department of ISM & H: part-1, volume-111, 46-48. [5] Kalaskar M G and Suranga S J, Pharmacognosytic and Phytochemical investigation of Luffa acutangula var.amara Fruits. International Journal of pham Tech Research, 2(2): 16091615,(2010). nd

[6] Basu BD, kirtikar KR. Indian medicinal plants. International Book Distributors; (2   edition) vol.2, 1987. [7] Torvi J.R, Hunashal R.D. A study on antimicrobial activity of extracts of Luffa acutangula var Amara fruits, International journal of pharma and biosciences, 2012, 3(4), 678. [8] Behera Tk, Dey SS, sirohi PS.„DBGY‟ -201 and „DBGY‟-202: „DBGY‟-202: two gynoecious lines in bitter gourd(Momordica charantia L.) Isolated from indigenous source.Indian J Genet 2006; 66:61-62. © 2017, IJPSM All Rights Reserved, www.ijpsm.com

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P.Vijayasanthi et al , Int. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Medicine (IJPSM), Vol.2 Issue. 1, January- 2017, pg. 01-09 ISSN:: 2519-9889 ISSN

[9] Dashora N, Chauhan LS, Kumar N. Luffa acutangula(Linn.) Roxb. var.Amara (Roxb.)- A consenses review. Int J pharma Biosci 2013; 4(2): 835-846.Pharmacological investigations of certain medical plants and compound formulations used in ayurveda and sidda, CCRAS. [10]

Aiah T.Encyclopedia of world medicinal plants, Daya books, vol 2, 2006, 1271-1274.

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