Revised National Plumbing Code of the Philippines

August 21, 2016 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Documents
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plumbing material. Before Martial Law in 1972, Republic Act No. 6541 otherwise known as the •Building Code of the Phil...

Description

History of Plumbing Practice The birth of the plumbing profession in the Philippines is traced back to the 17th century. The WALI .ED CITY known as Intramuros was established by the Spaniards as a model conununity. The Friar Engineers who built the government buildings, residential and other structures. incorporated European standards in their plumbing installations. During the 18th and 1cJh centuries, the Filipino plumbers were assigned the task of maintaining, repairing and/or remodeling plumbing systems in all "pueblos" or towns including churches, convents and government buildings.

The recognized plumbers then were called upon by the ''ilustrados" or the elite group to act as consultants of plumber journeymen on matters pertaining to plumbing installations in villas and mansions. PLUMBING took a great lr.-ap at the tum of the 20th century with theo arrival of the American soldiers, engineers, Thomasite teachers, doctors and evangelists. Health and hygiene became priority when epidemics including cholera, leprosy. schistosomiasis and other contagious diseases engulfed the Philippines. Alanned, Governor General Harrison issued a letter of instruction on proper waste disposal in all municipalities. Sometime in 1902, the PLUMBING TRADE was duly recognized by the government. The City of Manila was the model community. Master Plumber John F. Hass became the first Chief of the Division of Plumbing Construction and Inspection. Through the initiative of the Filipino Master Plumbers, a plumbing code based on the Plumbing Code of the United States was incorporated into the Building Code for the City of Manila. In 1935, Francisco Geronimo, Mariano de Ocampo, lgmidio Suarez, Eusebio Mina. Jose Rivera, Raymundo Reyes, Sr., Roberto Feliciano, Gregorio Lazaro, Raymundo Gumapac, John Jones, Trinitario Ortiz, Valentin Casupanan, Catalino Casupanan. Crispin F11Ulcisco, Teodoro Pastor, Cornelio Odvina and Jesus Tangbal Dera organized the National Master Plumbers Association of the Philippines (NAMP AP) and had it registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Initiated by N AMP AP, the Department of Public Services of the City of Manila was created by an Act of Congress. City Ordinance 2411, otherwise known as "the Plumbing ~ode forth~ City of Manila" was enacted in consultation with NAMPAP. The practice of plumbing was eventually placed under the Department of Public Services, Manila. The National Government, through the Bureau of Public Works, and other cities and municipalities adopted the Plumbing Code of Manila. NAMP AP spearheaded the enactment of a law regulating the practice of master plumbing in the Philippines.

\iii

In 1954, the Third Congress of the Republic of the Philippines in its Second Session, approved after the third reading House Bill No. 962. This became Republic Act No.l378. On June 18, 1955, R.A. 1378, otherwise known as the "PLUMBING LAW OF THE PlillJPPINES" was signed by President Ramon Magsaysay.

On January 28, 1959, the National Plumbing Code of the Philippines prepared by the NAMPAP was promulsated and approved by Malacai\ang. NAMPAP also assisted in the passage of the law creating the National Waterworks and Sewerage Authority (NAWASA).

In 1966-1969, the Board of Examiners for Master Plumbers and the NAMPAP prepared a Cuniculum for Plumbing Engineering that was approved by the Department of Education and was first introduced at the Feati University. · On November 28, 1967, the First Amendment to the National Plumbing Code was approved, which effected the inclusion of "Asbestos·Cement Pipe" as an approved plumbing material. Before Martial Law in 1972, Republic Act No. 6541 otherwise known as the •Building Code of the Philippines" was passed with the "National Plumbing Code of 1959" as referral code in full text. In 1996, NAMPAP President JAIME M. CABASE spearheaded the updating of the Revised National Plumbing Code. Finally, in October 1999, NAMPAP submitted the Draft Code to the Board of Master Plumbers (BOMP) Chaired by Engr. FORTIJNATO H. AMOSCO. After careful review, the Professional Regulation Commission under Chairman HERMOGENES POBRE adopted the Revised Plumbing Code of 1999 wruch His Excellency, President JOSEPH EJERCITO ESTRADA approved last December 21, 1999 pursuant to Section 4 ofR.A. 1378 known as the Plumbing Law.

In order to continuously upgrade the technical expertise of Master Plumbers and propagate the growth of the plumbing industry; NAMPAP have caused the holding of regular National Convention as well as Regional Conferences such as LUZON, VJSAYAS and MINDANAO, as well as the Midyear Forum where manufacturers, dealers and suppliers of plumbing tools, equipment, materials and services are given the opportunity to conduct product presentations for the benefit of the plumbing practitioners.

ix

Preface An adequate Plumbing Code is one of the most important governances in modem and healthful human existence. It involve the three basic necessities of life, such as: AIR, WATER and FOOD. The plumbing systems: water supply, sewage collection and disposal and stormwater drainage involve the right choice of materials, the economical design of the systems and their proper operation and maintenance. The supply of adequate hot, cold and chilled water, the efficient conveyance and disposal of wastewater such as food wastes and human excreta from plumbing fiXtures require provision of enough air, which will result to the efficient installation of the systems. Plumbing practice has grown in scope and magnitude with the progress in complexities of constructions such as high rise buildings with multi -level basement floors that now require electro- mechanical equipment and controls. The dwindling water resources intensify water use conservation. Modem or state-of-the-art plumbing installation now require the close coordination of works among Master Plumbers, Architects and Engineers to come up with the most efficient and economical plumbing installations. I wish to thank wholeheartedly those who have given their time in making available their expertises by discussing with us certain important aspects of this Revised National Plumbing Code of the Philippines. Many of them have unselfishly rendered invaluable assistance in criticizing and improving our text and for innumerable insights into this complex subject. Also, my thanks go to my wife CONCEPCION 0. CABASE for her untiring full support in pursuing this major activities of NAMPAP.

JAIME M. CABASE l 1'NAMPAP NAMPAP National President

Calooron City, Philippines May 3, 2000

Basic Principles The basic principles of the 1999 National Plumbing Code of the Philippines is an update of the tenets established in the "Plumbing Law of the Philippines" approved on 18 June 1955 as amended on 28 November 1959. The basic goal of the 1999 National Plumbing Code of the Philippines is to ensure the unqualified observance of the latest provisions of the plumbing and environmental laws. Principle No. 1 A11 premises intended for human habitation, occupancy or use shall be provided with a supply of pure and wholesome water, neither connected with unsafe water supplies nor subject to hazards of backflow or back-siphonage. Principle No. 2 Plumbing fixtures, devices and appurtenances shall be supplied with water in sufficient volume and at pressure adequate to enable them to function satisfactorily and without undue noise under all nonnal conditions of use. Principle No.3 Plumbing shall be designed and adjusted to use the minimum quantity of water consistent with proper perfonnance and cleaning. Principle No. 4 Devices for heating and storing water shall be so designed and installed as to prevent dangers from explosion through overheating. Principle No. 5 Every building having plumbing fixtures installed and intended for human habitation, occupancy or usc on premises abutting on a street, alley or easement where there is a public sewer, shall be connected to the sewer system. Principle No.6 Each frunily dwelling unit on premises abutting on a sewer or with a private sewage-disposal system shall have at least one water closet and one kitchentype sink. Further, a lavatory and bathtub or shower shall be installed to meet the basic requirements of sanitation and personal hygiene . .Principle No.7 Plumbing fixtures shall be made of smooth non·absorbent material, free from concealed fouling surfaces and shall be located in ventilated enclosures.

Priaciple No. 8 - The drainage system shall be designed, constructed and maintained to safeguard against fouling, deposit of solids, clogging and with adequate cleanouts so arranged that the pipes may be readily cleaned. Principl~

No. 9 - All pipings of plumbing systems shall be of durable NAMPAPAPPROVED materials, free form defective workmanship, designed and constructed by Registered Master Plumbers to ensure satisfactory service.

~nciple

No. 10 - Each fixture directly connected to the drainage system shall be equipped with a water-sealed trap.

xi

Principle No. 11 • The drainage piping system shall be designed to provide adequate circulation of air free from siphonage, aspiration or forcing of trap seals under ordinary use. Principle No. 12 - Vent terminals shall extend to the outer air and installed to preempt clogging and the return of foul air to the building. Principle No. 13 - Plumbing systems shall be subjected to such tests to effectively disclose all leaks and defects in the workmanship. Principle No. 14 - No substance which will clog the pipes, produce explosive mixture~ destroy the pipes or their joints or interfere unduly with the sewage-disposal process shall be allowed to enter the building drainage system. Principle No. 15 - Proper protection shall be provided to prevent contamination of food, water, sterile goods and similar materials by backflow of se\vage. When necessary, the fixture, device or appliance shall be connected indirectly with the building drainage system. Principle No. 16 - No water closet shall be located in a room or compartment which is not properly lighted and ventilated.

Principle No. 17 - If water closets or other plumbing fixtures are installed in buildings where there is no sewer within a reasonable distance, suitable provision shall be made for disposing of the building sewage by some accepted method of sewage treatment and disposal, such as a septic tank. Principle No. 18 - Where a plumbing drainage system may be subject tb backflow of sewage, suitable provision shall be made to prevent its overflow in the building.

Principle No. 19 - Plumbing systems shall be maintained in serviceable condition by Registered Master Plumbers. · Principle No. 20 - All plumbing fixtures shall be installed properly spaced, to be accessible for their intended use.

Principle No. 11 - Plumbing shall be installed by Registered Master Plumbers with due regard to the preservation of the strength of structural members and the prevention of damage to walls and other surfaces through fixture usage. Principle No. 22 - Sewage or other waste from a plumbing system which may be deleterious to surface or sub-sutface waters shall not be discharged into the ground or into any waterway, unless first rendered innocuous through subjection to some acceptable form of treatment.

xii

A REGISTERED MASTFR PLUMBER PROFESSIONAL BEARING CON~ 1 STENT WITH DIGNIFIED PURSUIT OF HIS/HER PROFESSION, CONDUCT BECOMING OF HIS/HER CALLING, AND

1.

SHALL MAINTJ.JN A AN HONORABLE MTI ADHERING TO A SET 0 1"7 SHALL NOT:

Act in an unprofessional manner and demand any remuneration other than his/her original charges except for additional services not covered in the basic contract; \

2.

Supplant another Registered Master Plumber after definite steps h::lve already been taken toward his/her being commissioned to perform the contract;

3.

Underbid another Registered Master Plumber by reducing his/her professional fees after being informed of the 'Ccs charged by the other Registered Master Plumber;

4.

Take the advantage of a salaried government position to compete unfairly with a practicing Registered Master Plumber;

s.

Allow the use of his/her License as Registered Master Plumber for a fee to an unlicensed Master Plumber in plumbing works without his jher personal supervision.

6.

Injure falsely or maliciously, directly or indirectly, the reputation of another Registered Master Plumber by reviewing his/her work for the same client unless the professional services of the former have been officia lly terminated and 2-U professional fees have been fully paid by the client;

7.

Advertise in self-lauda tory language, act in any manner and engage in any practice which tend to bring dishonor to the dignity of the Registered Master Plumber, the National Master Plumbers Association of the Philippines (NAMPAP) and the plumbing profession.

xiii

Chapter

1

ADMINISTRATION • Stction 100- PERMIT REQUIRED To ensure compliance of the provisions of this Code, the professional services of a Registered and Licensed Master Plumber shall be enlisted in accordance with Republic Act No. 1378, the "Plumbing Law". It shaH be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation, whether acting as principal, setvant, agent or employee, to do or cause to be done any plumbing or

drainage work for which a permit is required without securing prior permit from the Office of lhe Building Official having jurisdiction under the Department of Public Works 3Ild Highways, Department of Interior & Local Government or City Mayors. -

Section 101 -TO WHOM PERMITS MAY BE ISSUED

No permit shall be issued to any person, fim1 or corporation, to do or c technical specifications and other required docwnents filed by an applicant for a permit shall be reviewed by the Administrative Authority. Other concerned departments which verify compliance with other applicable Jaws may review such plans. If the Administrative Authority finds that the work described in an appHcation for permit and the plans, specifications and other documents filed therewith conform to the requirements of the Plumbing Code and other pertinent laws and ordinances, and upon payment of the fees specified in Section I 05, a permit shaH then be issued to the Applicant.

2

Administration

103 .1.2 When the Administrative Authority issues the permit he shall endorse in writing or stamp the plans and specifications as "APPROVED". Such approved plans and specifications shaH not be changed, modified or altered without authorization from the Administrative Authority and aU works shall be done in accordance with approved plans and specifications. 103 .1.3 The Administrative Authority may issue a Partial Permit for the construction of a part of a large and/or complicated plumbing system before the entire plans and specifications for the whole system have been submitted or approved, provided adequate information and detailed statements have been filed, complying with all pertinent requirements of this Code. The holder of such partial permit may proceed at his ovm risk without assurance that the final permit for the entire building, structure or plumbing system will be granted.

103.2 Retention of Plans- One set of approved plans, specifications, computations and related data shall be retained by the Administrative Authority. Two (2) sets of approved plans, specifications and data shall be returned to the applicant a!ld Owner, one ( 1) set of which shall be kept at the jobsite at all times while the work is in progress.

103.3 Validity of Permit - The issuance of a permit or approval of plans and specifications shall not be construed as a permit to violate any provision of this Plumbing Code or of any other applicable ordinances. The issuance of a permit based on submitted plans. specifications or other documents shall not prevent the Administrative Authority from thereafter requiring the correction of errors on said plans, specifications and other documents .and from stopping an on-going plumbing installations violative of this Code or of other pertinent ordinances of this Jurisdiction.

103.4 Expiration- A plumbing permit issued under the provisions of this Code shall expire and become null and void if the plumbing work authorized therein is not commenced within one year from the date of such permit or if the plumbing work so authorized is suspended or abandoned at any time after having been commenced for a period of 120 days . In case of renewal of a plumbing permit, a fee equivalent to one-half the amount ofthe original fee shall be paid.

3

Revised National Plumbing Code of The Philippines

*103 .5 Suspension or Revocation - The Administrative Authority may, in Miting, suspend or revoke a permit issued under the provis:ons of this Code whenever issued in error or on the basis of incorrect information supplied or in violation of pertinent ordinances, rules and regulations. S«.tion 104- APPLICATION FOR EXISTING PI.lJMBING SYSTEM 104.1 Additions, Alterations or Repain - may be made to any existing plumbing system provided the addition, alteration or repair works confonn to requirements for a new plumbing sy~'tem. Additions, alterations or repairs shall not render an existing system unsafe, unsanitcuy or overloaded. 104.2 Changes in Building Occupancy- Plumbing systems which are a part of any building or structure undergoing a change in use or occupancy, as defined in the National Building Code, shall comply with all requirements of this Code applicable to the changed use or occupancy. 104.3 Maintenance - All plumbing systems, materials and appurtenances, both existing and new, and all parts thereof shall be maintained in proper operating condition. All devices or safeguards required by this Code shall be maintained in conformance with the existing Code edition at the time the plumbing system was installed. The owner or his designated agent shall be responsible for the maintenance of plumbing systems. To detennine compliance with this subsection, the Administrative Authority may cause the re-inspection of any plumbing system.

104.4 Moved Buildings -·- Plumbing systems, which are part of buildings or structures in one place and moved into another Jurisdiction. shall comply with the provisions of this Code for new installation.

• Sec. 153 NPC 1959

4

Administration

Sfction 105 - INSPECTIONS 105.1 General - All plumbing systems for which permits are required by this Code shall be inspected by the Administrative Authority. No portion of any plumbing svstem shall be concealed until inspected and approved. The Administrative Authority or his representative shalt not be liable for expenses incurred in the removal and replacement of materials required to warrant proper inspection. When the installation of a plumbing system is complete, an additional and final inspection shall be made. Plumbing systems regulated by this Code shall not be connected to the water and energy fuel supplies nor to the sewer system tAntil authorized by the Administrative Authority and other Agencies concerned.

AU AQ.01inistrative flumbing Personnel, Plurnbif!&.lnsoector shaH be a Registered an4. Licensed Master Plumb~r in accordance with the provision of Republic Act )378, otherwise, known as "Plumbing Law··. 105 2 Operation of Plumbing Equipment- The requirements of this Section do not prohibit the operation or use of any plumbing accessory installed to replace existing equipment or fixtures serving an occupied portion of the building when a request for inspection of such equipment or fixtures has been filed with the Administrative Authority not more than 72 hours after such replacement work is completed and before any portion of such plumbing system is concealed by any permanent portion of the building. 105 3 Testing of Systems - All plumbing systems shall be tested and approved as required by this Code or the Administrative Authority. 105 4 lnspec.tion Requests - It shaH be the duty of the person doing the plumbing work authorized by a permit to notify the Administrative Authority that such work is ready for inspection. The Administrative Authority requires that every request for inspection be filed at least three (3) working days before such inspection is intended. Such request shall be in writing and jointly signed by the Owner and the Registered and Licensed Master Plumber- Contractor. It shall be the duty of the person requesting inspections required by this Code to provide access to and means t{)r proper inspection of such work as well as provide all the equipment. the tools, power and water required tor the test.

J(i5 5 Other lnspe-{tions - ln addition to the inspections required by this Code, the Administrative Authority may require othet mspections of the plumbing work to comply with the other provisions of this Code, other pertinent laws and ordinances enforced by the Administrative Authority.

REJVi&ed National Plumbing Code cA The PMippin•

l05.6 Rtiospedions 105.6.1 A fee will be charged on the Applicant for each inspection or reinsp~tion when a portion of the plumbing work for inspection is caJled for is not completed. 105.6.2 This provision shall not be interpreted as requiring re-inspection fees for the first time a job is rejected for failure to comply with the requirements of this Code, but as deterrent on the practice of calling for inspections before the job is ready for inspection or re-inspection. 105.6.3 Re-inspection fees shall be charged when the approved plans arc not readily available to the Inspector, for failure to provide access and facility on the date when the inspection is requested, or for deviating fro m plans requiring the approval of the Administrative Authority. 105.6 .4 To obtain re-inspection, the Applicant shall file an application, in writing, on a form furnished for that purpose and pay the re-inspection fee. 105.6.5 In instances where re-inspection fees have been assessed, but pending payment of required fees, no re-inspection of the work will . be performed.

Section 106- CONNECTION APPROVAL

106.1 Permanent Connections - no person shall install coMections to any water · supply line, sewer or storm drain systems as required by this Code and for which· other applications and permits are also required from other Agencies before· approval by the Administrative Authority. 106.2 Temporary Coonedions - Administrative Authority will endorse to other authorities or government agencies the issuance of temporary connections of the plumbing equipment to the water supply mai~ sewer main, power line and gas main for the purpose oftestjng the equipment.

6

Administration

Section 107- SPECIAL PROVISIONS 107.1 All Licensed Master Plumbers registered in accordance with the provisions of Republic Act No. 1378 shall secure for themselves a seal of the standard size and type as required. The same shall be used on all plumbing applications for pemtitlJ and all plumbing plans prepan~d by Registered and Licensed Master Plumbers as well as on all documents required in the practice of their profession. The seal shall be round in shape and shall be inscribed with the following:

107. 1. I Registered and Licensed Master Plumber at upper portion of the round seal. 107.1 .2 Name of Registered and Licensed Master Plumber at the upper center. 107.1.3 The registration number shall appear at the center below the name. 107.1.4 Philippines, appearing at the lower portion of the round seat

Sldioa 108- PLUMBING FI.XT\JRES REQUIRED Each building shall be provided with sanitary facilities in accordance with best practice for mobility of disabled persons as provided in the National Building Code of the Philippines or by other government departments having jurisdiction.

7

Chapter

2

DEFINITIONS S«tioo 201 - GENERAL For the purpose of this Code, the following tenns shall bear the meanings indicated in this Chapter. No attempt is made to define ordinary words, used in accordance with their established dictionary meanings except where a word has been used loosely, that it becomes necessary to define its meaning as adopted in this Code to avoid misunderstanding. Since the primary purpose is to define tenns in general rather than nouns, th~ definitions are arranged alphabetically according to the first word of the term rather than the noun. Section 202 "'A"

202.1

ADS - Acrylonitrile-Butadiene·Styrene ALLEY - any public space. public park or thoroughfare less than three (3) meters but not less than two (2) meters in width dedicated or deeded for public use.

-*202.3

ALTER or ALTERATION - any change, addition or modification i.1 construction or occupancy.

202.4

ACCESSmLE - when applied to a fixture, connection, appliance or equipment, shalt mean having access thereto, but which may require prior removaJ of an access panel, door or similar obstruction. "Readily accessible" shall mean direct access without the necessity of removing any panel, door or similar obstruction.

202.5

AIRBREAK_-· a physical separation. which may be a low inlet into the indirect waste receptor from the fixture, appliance or device indirectly connected.

*

Sec. I NPC 1959 8

Revised National Plumbing Code of The Philippines

202 6

AIR GAP, DRAINAGE - the unobstructed vertical distance through the free atmosphere between the lowest opening fiom any pipe, plumbing fixture, appliance or apputtenance conveying waste to the tlood level rim ofthe rcc~ptor.

202.7

AIR GAP, WATER DISTRmUTION- an unobstructed vertical distance through the free atmosphere between the lowest opening from any pipe or faucet conveying potable water to the tlood-level rim of any tank, vat or fixture. APPROVED - accepted or acceptable under an applicable specifications or standard stated or cited in this Code., or accepted as suitable for any proposed use under procedures and powers of the Administrative Authority.

202 9

APPROVED TESTING AGENCY - an organization primarily established t()r purposes of testing to approve standards and approved by the Administrati ve Autlwrity.

•202. IO

AUTHORITY, ADMINISTRATIVE - The Administrative Authority including the Building Ofiicial, the Commission, the Board and such other drpartment or agency established and authorized to administer and enforce the provisions of Republic Act 13 78 - The Plumbing Code of the Philippines, Presidential Decree No. 223~ as amended by P.D. 657 creating the Professkmal Regulation Commission and prescribing its powers and functions, and Letter of Instruction No. 1000 - ordering and directing the Professiona\ Regulation Commission (PRC), the former Ministry of Human Settlements, the Departments of Foreign Affairs, Education and Culture, Public Works and Highways, Tourism, Transportation and Communication all SOOT agencies concerned, to authorize and support PRC Accredited Bonafide Professional Organizations only, and their members to organize, host, sponsor or rcprc~ent the Filipino Professionals in national, regional and international fora, conventions where the concerned professions arc involved; and further orders and directs that all government agencies and instrumentalities shall g.iv\.~ priority to bonafide members of the accredited prnft·s~;i\Hlal organizations in the hi1 in!l of its employees and engagement of prot~ssional services.

• Sec. 3 NPC IY5Y u Sec. -1 .Vl'C 1959

Definitions

Section 203 UB''

• 203.1

BACKFLOW- the flow of water or other liquids, mixtures or substances into the distributing pipes of a potable wpply of water from any source other than from its intended source.

203.2

BACKFLOW CONNECTION - condition or any arrangement whereby reverse flow can occur.

• • 203 .3

BACKPRESSURE BACKFLOW - occurs due to an increased reverse pressure above the supply pressure. This may be due to pumps, boilers, gravity or other sources of pressure.

203.4

BACKFI.,OW PREVENTER - device or means to prevent flow of liquid from retuming to the source of supply. Also called vacuum breaker.

... 203.5

BACK-SiPHONAGE - the flowing back of used, contaminated or · polluted water from a plumbing fixture or vessel into a water supply pipe due to a negative pressure in such pipe. See backflow.

203.6

BACKWATER VALVE - a device installed iri a drainage system to prevent reverse flow .

• ** • 203.7

BACKVENT PIPE - the part of a vent line, which connects directly with an individual trap underneath or behind the fixture and extends to the branch or main vent pipe at any point higher than the fixture or fixture traps it serves. This is sometimes called an individual vent. See Revent pipe.

..... 203.8

BALL COCK - a valve opened and closed by the fall and rise, respective!y, of an attached ball floating on the surface of the liquid.

,..,.

....

203 .9

BALI, JOINT- a type of pipe connection in which a ball-shaped end is held in a cuplike shell and allows movements in every direction.

203.10

BATHROOM- a room equipped with a shower stall or bathtub.

•••

203.11

.....

BAITERY OF FIXTURES - any of two or more similar adjacent t! xtures which discharge into a common horizontal soil or waste branch.

203.12

BELL OR HUB - that portion of a pipe which, for a short distance, is suffi ciently enlarged to rt.~ceive the end of another pipe of the same diameter for the purpose of making rt caulked or push-on joi nt

•••• "***

• Sec. 5 NPC 1959 ** Sec. 6 NPC 1959 *** Sec. 7 NPC /959

**** Sec. 8 NPC 1959 ... ,... Sec. 9 NPC 1959 ****** Sec. 10 NPC 1959 **** 5'e£:. 1 I NPC 1959 ******** S£~c. 12 NPC 1959

•**

I(\

Revised National Plumbing Code of the Philippines

• 203.13

BENDING PIN (or IRON)- a tool for straightening or bending lead pipe.

•• 203.14

BIBB- synonymous with faucet, cock, tap, plug, etc. The word "faucet" is preferred.

203.15

BIDET - A plumbing fixtures used for washing the middle private part of the body, especially the genitals. Also called a "sitz" bath.

u •

•••• 203.16 ••••• 203.17 •••••• 203.18

BLANK H.,ANGE- A pipe tlange that is not drilled for bolt holes. BLIND FLANGE- a flange that closes the end of a pipe. There is no opening for the passage of liquid or gas. BLOW·OFF detritus.

a

controHed outlet of a pipeline to discharge liquid or

203.19

BOARO - the Licensure Board for Master Plumbers

203.20

BOILER BLOW-OFF- a valved outlet of a boiler that permits discharge of accumulated sediment.

•••• ••• 203.21

BRANCH -- any part of the piping system other than a main, riser or stack.

•••• .... 203.22

BRANCH INTERVAL- a length of soil or waste stack corresponding in general to a story height, but in no case less than 2.43 meters within which the horizontal branches from one floor or story of a building are connected to the stack

203.23

BRANCH, FIXTURE- see Fixture Branch

203.24

BRANCH, HORIZONTAL- see Horizontal Branch

••••• •••• 203.25 BRANCH VENT- a hmizontal vent connecting one or more individual vertical back vents with the vent stack or stack vent. 203.26

BRAZED JOINT - any joint obtained by joining of metal parts with alloys which melt at temperatures higher than 449 degrees centigrade, but lower than t.he melting temperature of the parts to be joined.

* Sec. I 3 NPC IV59 ** ~f·i(!c. J.l NJ>C !959 *** Sec. 15 NPC 1959 **** Sec. 16 NPC 1959 ***** Sec. 17 NPC lC 1959 ****Sec. 25 NPC 1959

***** ,)'ec.

2() NPC 1959 ******Sec. 27 NPC 1959 ..***+*Sec. 28 NP(' 1959

Revised National Plumbing Code of the Philippines

* 204.5

204.6

CESSPOOL - a non-watertight lined excavation in .thl! ground which receives the discharge of a sanitttry drainage system or part thereof, d~signed to retain the organic matter and solids discharging thcretrom, 0ut permitting the li4uid to seep through the bottom and sides of the cesspool.

CHASE- a vertical shaft for installarion of different pipe stacks.

•• 204.7

CHECK VAl.VE- a valve that automatically closes to prevent the flow of liquid or gas in a reverse direction

... 2048

CIRCUIT VENT - a group vent pipe which starts in front of the extreme fixture connection on a h01izontal branch and connects to the vent stack. Sec loop' vent, also .

204.9

CLARIFIER- Sec Interceptor.

204.10

CODF. -The word ''Code" or "this Code," when U5ed alone, shall mean these regulations, subsequent amendments thereto or any emergency rule or regulation which the Administrative Authority having jurisdiction may lawfully adopt .

•• •• 204.11

204.12

COMMON VENT- sec unit vent and dual vent. COMBINATION WASTE AND VENT SYSTEM - a specially designed system of waste piping embodying the horizontal wet venting of one or more sinks or floor drains by means of a common horizontal waste and vent pipe. adequately sized to provide free movement of air above the· flow line of the drain.

204.13

COMBUSTIBLE CONSTRUCTION - a structure which any part of it!> stmctural framework will ignite and burn at a temperature of 756 degrees centigrade or less.

204.14

COMMISSION -The Professional Regulation Commission (PRC).

204.15

COMMON - that part of a plumbing system designed and installed to serve more than one ( 1) appliance, fixture, building or system.

204.16

CONFINED SPACE·- a mom or space having a volume less than I 4 cu. m with 250 kilogram calorie of the aggregate input rating of all fuelbmning applianc~s installed in that space *Sec. 29 NJ'(' 195Y

** s(!(:. Jo Nr·c 1959 ••• St'C.

**** St•c.

31 NJ'(' JI)5Y 32 NPC /959

1.1

Definitions

204.17

CONTAMINATION - an impairment of the quality of the potable water which creates an actual hazard to the public health through poisoning or spread of disease by sewage, industrial fluids or waste. Also, defined as High Hazard.

.. 204.18

CONTINUOUS VENT - a continuous vent is vertical vent that is a continuation of the drain to which the vent connects.

204.19

CONTINUOUS WASTE - a drain connecting the compartments of a set of fixtures to a trap or connecting other permitted fixtures to a common trap.

.. 204.20

CONDUCfOR OR DOWNSPOUT- a vertical pipe to convey rainwater.

.... 204.21

CORPORATION COCK - a stop valve placed at the connection of the water service pipe to the water main.

*"'

•• 204.22

COURT- an open, unoccupied space, bounded on two (2) or more sides by the walls of the building. An inner court is a court entirely within the exterior walls of a building. All other courts are outer courts.

204.23

CRITICAL LEVEL- C-L or C/L marking on a backflow prevention device or vacuum breaker is a point conforming to approved standards (;:fld established by the testing laboratory (usually stamped on the device by the manufacturer) which determines the minimum elevation above the flood level rim of the fixture or rcceptable served where the device may be installed. When a backflow prevention device does not bear a critical level marking, the bottom of the vacuum breaker, combination valve or the bottom of any such approved device shaH constitute the critical level.

.. 204.24

CROSS-CONNECfiON- any connection or arrangement, physical or

•••

otherwise, between a potable water supply system and any plumbing

fixture or any tank. receptable, equipment or device, through which enables non-potable, used, unclean, polluted, contaminated water or other substances to enter into any part of such potable water system under any condition.

*Sec. **Sec. ... Sec. ••u Sec. ••••• Sec.

33 NPC 1959 34 NPC' /95c. 39 :\PC /959 .,.. 't'c. -10 .\'PC 1959

.,.. .vc. -I f .\'PC /959

sec Cnit Vent.

• ••• .. St'c. 4.' XPC' /95 9

•u••• -"ec. -13 .\PC /95RAINAGE SYSTF.M OR PlJBLIC SEWF.R

:;06.1

It shall be unlawful for any persnn to deposit, by whatever means into any plumbing fixture, floor drain, int erceptor, sump, recept acle or device, connected to the excreta and storm drainage systems, public sewer, private sev,;er, septic tank or cesspool, any ashes, cinders, solids, rags, fl ammable, poiso nous or explosive liquids or gases; oils, greases or other things which would or could cause. damage to the drainage system or puhlic sewer.

306 2

Roofs, inner courts, vent shafts, light well s or similar areas having rainwater drains sh all discharge outside of the building or to the gutter, and sha ll not be connected to the soil and waste pipe systems.

Stction 307 ·- INI>l :sTRIAL \VASTF:S J(•i

I

Wa stes d ~t rimenta l to the public sewer system or to the fu nctioning of the sewage tr eatment plant shall be treated anJ disposed of as lound ne;;essary and as directed by the Admi nistrati ve Authority or other authorities having juri ~;d ict !-\.Hl

General Regulations

307.2

Sewage or other waste from a plumbing system which may be deleterious to surface or subsurface waters, shall not be discharged into the ground or into any waterway unless first rendered innocuous through subjection to some acceptable form of treatment.

Section 308- LOCATION 308. t

Except as otherwise provided in thi s Code, no excreta plumbing system, storm drainage system, building drain, building sewer, private sewage disposal system or parts thereof, shall be located in any lot other than the lot where the site of the building, stntcture or premises are served by such facilities.

308.2

No subdivision, sale, or transfer of ownership of existing property shall be made in such a manner that the area, clearance, and access requirements of this Code are decreased or impaired.

Section309 -IMPROPER LOCATION Piping, fixtures or equipment shall not be so located to interfere with the normal functi o n or usc thereof or with the normal operation and use of windows, doors or other required facilities.

*Section 310- WORKMANSHIP 310.1

All designs, constructions and workrnanships shall be in conformity with accepted engineering practices and shall be of such character as to secure the results sought to be obtained by th is Code.

310.2

It shall be unlawfi.1l to conceal cracks, holes, or other imperfection in materials by welding, brazing or soldering the defects or by using therein or thereon any paint, wax, tar, or other sealing or repair agents.

J I 0.3

Burred ends of all pipes and tubings shall be reamed to the full bore of the pipe or tubing and all chips left inside the pipe or tubing shall be removed .

**Section 311 - PROHIBITEll FITTINGS AND PRACTICES 311 . 1

No double hub fitting for lead-caulked joint in vertical position, single or double tee hranch; single or double tapped tee branch, side inlet quaner bend, running thread, band or saddle shall be used as a drainage titting, except that a double hub sanitary tapped tee may be used on vertical lines as a fixture connection. (Approved stainless steel bands with neoprene gaskets for jointing of hub less cast iron soil pipes are acceptable for use.

• Sec. 156 NPC 1959 **Sec. 158 NPC !959

Revised National Plumbing Code of the Philippines

311.2

No drainage or vent p1pmg shall be drilled and tapped for making connections thereto, and no cast iron soil pipe shall be threaded.

311.3

No waste connection shall be made to a closet bend or stub of a water closet or similar fixtures.

311 .4

Except as hereinafter provided in Sections 812, 813 and 814 of this Code, no vent pipe shall be used as a soil or waste pipe, nor shall any soil or waste pipe be used as a vent. Also, single drainage and venting systems with unvented branch lines are prohibited.

311.5

No fitting, fixture and piping connections, appliance, device or method of instailation which obstmcts or retards the flow of water, sewage or air in the excreta and storm drainage and venting systems in an amount greater than the normal fri ctional resistance to flow, shall be used unl ess it is indicated as acceptable in this Code or approved by the Administrative Authority as having the desirable nnd acceptable function and of ultimate benefit to the proper and continuous functioning of the plumbing system. The enlargement of a 76-mm closet bend or stub to 102-mm diameter shall not be considered as an obstruction.

311.6

Except for necessary use of gate & check valves. where inter-membering or mixing of dissimilar metals occurs, the points of connection shall be con tined to exposed or accessible locations.

311.7

All valves. pipes and fittings shall be installed in correct relationship to the direction of flow.

Section 312-INDEPENDENT SYSTEM The drainage system of each new building and of new work installed in any existing building shall be separate and independent from that of any other building and whe-n available, every building shall have an independent connection with a private or public sewer.

Eueption:

Where one building stand" in the rear of another building on an interior lot, and no private sewer line is available nor can be constructed to the rear building through an adjoining court, yard or driveway, the building drain from lhe front huJ/ding may be extended to the rear building if Jhe existing size is adequate fi.u· borh buildings and gravity flow is po.'isib/e.

~7

General Regulations

Section 313- REPAIRS AND ALTERATIONS 313.1

In existing building or premises where plumbing installations are to be a!tered, repaired or renovated, deviations from the provision of this Code are permitted, provided such deviations are necessary and first approved by the Administrative Authority.

313.2

Existing building sewer and building drain may be used in connection with a new building or new plumbing and drainage works only when they are found on examination and tested to conform in all respects to the requirements governing new work. and the proper Administrative Authority shaH notify the Owner to make changes necessary to confomt to this Code. No building or part thercot: shall be erected or placed over any part of the existing drainage system, which is constructed of materials other than those approved elsewhere in this Code tor use under or within a building.

313.3

All openings into a Sanitary drainage and vent system, cx(cpt those

openings to which plumbing fixtures are pmperly conne~tcd or which constitute vent terminals, shall be permanently plugged or capped in an approved manner. using the appropriate materials required by this Code.

* Section 314- PROTECTION OF PIPING, MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES 314.!

314.2

All pipings passing under or through walls shall be protected from breakage with embedded metal pipe sleeves. All pipes passing through or under cinders or other corrosive materials shaH be protected from external corrosion by encasing same with polyethylene sheath or in other approved manner. Approved provisions shall be made for expansions of hot water pipings. Void between pipes and sleeves through concrete floors in the ground shall be appropriately sealed with bitumen. All pipes in connection with the plumbing system shall be installed so that the piping or connections will not be exposed to undue strains or stresses,

and provisions shall be made for pipe expansions and contraction, and bending due to structural settlement ~o pipe shall be directly embedded in concrete and masonry walls without metal sleeve. No structural member shall be seriously weakened or impaired by cutting, notching or otherwise. 314.3

The bottom of all pipe trenches deeper than the footing of any adjacent building or structure and parallel to it must be at least for1y-five (45) degrees therefrom. unless permission is granted by the Administrative Authority.

"'Sec. 155 NPC 1959

r~evi sed

Nation31Plumbing C(:de of the Philippines

Jl-4 4

No building sewer or other drainage pipings or part thereof, constructed of materials other than that approved for use under or within the building, shall be installed under or within 0.6 meter of any building or structure, nor less than 0 3 meter below the finish ground surfat.e.

114 5

Pipe surfaces subject to undue corrosion, erosion or mechanical damage shall be protected with approved material and manners such as inside lining, outside coating and proper bottom bedding and top shielding with concrete blocks.

51dion 315 - IIANGt: RS AND SUPPORTS ~.1

Verticall,iping Attachment - vertical piping shall be secured at sufficiently close intervals to keep the pipes in alignment and to carry its weight and contents. Stacks shall be supported at their base as l(>Jiows: 315. 1. 1 Cast Iron SoiJ Pipe - Bell & Spigot and Hubless p1pe shall be supported at every storey or clo~er. 315.1.2 Snewed Pi1)e -· Iron Pipe Size (IPS) shall be supported at not less than every other storey height ../· 3 15 . I 3 Copper Tubing - shall be ~up ported at each storey or at max1mum intervals of J nwters on center.

J 15 .1.4 Lead Pipf ... shall be supported at intervals not exc.eeding 1.20 meters at centers with a rigid vertical back-up ) 15 . I. S Plastic Pipe ·· shall be supported at every one- ( 1) meter interval.

1152 Horizontal Piping J 15.2.1 Supports ··· hori zontal pipes shall be supported at sufliciently close intervals to keep them in alignment and prevent sagging. 315.2.2 Cast Iron Soil Pipe- Where joints occur, suspended cast iron soil pipe shall be supported at not more than 1. 5 meters intervals; except that pipe exceeding I. S meters length, may be supported at not more than J meters intervals. Supp011s shall be adequate to maintain alignment and to prevent sagging and shall be placed within 0.45 meters of the hub or joiat. Hubless or compression gasket joints must be supported at least at every other joint except that when the developed length between supports exceeds 1.2 meters, they shall be provided at

each joint Support shall also be provided at each horizontul branch coMection, placed on or immediately adjacent to the ' ::; ~~:!!s. Suspended lines shall be suitably braced to prevent l. . i .; ~tal movement. 315.2.3 Screwed Pipe- IPS except as provided in other Sections of this Code, shall be supported at approximately 3.0 meters intervals for piping 19 .mm diam.eter and smaller and 3.6 meters intervals for piping 25 mm and larger in diameter. 315.2.4 Copper Tubing - shall be supported at approximately 1.8 t:-t~~ :-: :..:· 11 intervals for piping 38 mm diameter and smaller and 3.0 meters in!-::rvc'.n for pipings 51 mm and larger in diameter. 315.2.5 uad Pipe - shall be supported by stiff metal or wooden backing for its entire length with hangers properly spaced. 315.2.6 In Ground - piping buried in the ground shall be laid on a flTYll bed for its entire length, except where concrete cradle support is provided, which is adequate and approved by the Administrative Authority. 315. 2.7 Plastic Tube - sh~l be supported by stiff metal or wood backing with hangers in its entire length for small-size tubings up to 38 mm diameter and without backings but with spaced metal hangers at approved spacing for larger-size tubings.

315.3 Hangers and Anchon 3 I 5.3 .I

Materials - for hangers and anchors shall be of sufficient strength to maintain their proportional share with the weight of the pipe and its content.

3 I 5.3.2

All pipings, fixtures and equipment shall be adequately anchored or supported to the satisfaction of the Administrative Authority.

Section 316 - TRENCHING, EXCAVATION AND BACKFILL 3 l 6.1

Tunneling and driving may be done in yard, court or driveway of any building site. Where there is suffici ent depth, tunneling may be used between open cut trench~s. Tunnels shall have a clear height of 0.6 meter above the pipe and hall be limited in le ngth to one-half (1/2) the :iepth of the trench, wd. a maximum length of 2.4 meters. When pi pe is driven, the drive pi. l· shall be at least one pipe size larger than the pipet;:> be laid.

41

R~visod National Plumbing COde of the Philippines

)16.2

Open Trenches - all excavations required to be made for the installation of a building drainage system or any part thereof, within the walls of a building, shall be open trench work and kept open until the piping has been inspected, tcs!ed and accepted.

316 3

All excavations shaH he completely back-tilled as soon as possible after inspection. Adequate precaution shall be taken to ensure proper compactness of backfill around pipes without damage to such pipe Trenches shall be back-filled in thin layers of0.3 meter above the top of the pipe with clean earth which shall not contain stones, boulders, cinders ~ other mate.rials which can damage or break the pipes or cause con:osfve action. Mechanical devices or equipment such as bulldozer, grader, etc., may then be used to complete the back-filhng to grade. The filling shall be properly compacted Suitable precautions shall be taken to ensure permanent stability for pipes la.id in filled or made ground.

Chapter

4

PLUMBING FIX1,URES • Section 401 - MATERIALS- GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

Quality of Fixture8 - plumbing fixtures shall be manufactured of dense, durable, non-absorbent materials an.d must have smoot~ impervious surfaces, free from unnecessary concealed fouling surfaces. Except as permitted elsewhere in this Code. all fixtures shall conform in quality aad design to nationally recognized applicable standards or to other approved standards acceptable to the Administrative Authority. All porcelain enamel swfaces on plumbi.ng fixtures shall be acid resistant (for the convenience of users of this Code, a list of generally accepted Plumbing Fixtures is included in Table 14-4 Plumbing Material Referenced Standards.) • Water doset bowls fur public use shall be the elongated bowl types equipped with open-front seats. Water closet seats shall be of smooth non·absorbent material and properly sized for the water closet bowl used. Section 402 - MATERIALS- ALTERNATIVES

Special-use fixtures may be made of soapstone) chemical stoneware or may be lined with lead, copper base alloy, nickel-copper alloy, corrosion-resisting steel or other materials specially suited for the use which the fixture is intended. Restaurant kitchen and other special-use sinks may be made of approved-type bonderized and galvanized sheet steel of not less than Gauge No. 16 U.S. B&S or 1.6 mm thick. All sheet metal plumbing fixtures shall be adequately designed, constructed and braced in an approved manner to satisfactorily accomplish th~ intended purposes. • • Section 403 - OVERFLOWS

When any fixture is provided with an overflow outlet, .the waste shall be so arranged that the standing water inside the fixture cannot rise inside the overflow way when the stopper is closed nor remain inside the overflow way when the fixture is empty. The overflow pipe from a fixture shall be connected to the house or inlet side of the fixture trap. Water Closet or Urinal flush tanks shall discharge into the bowls or wares served by them, but it shall be unlawful to connect such overflows with any other part of the drainage system.

• Sec. 205 NPC /959 •• Sec. 210 NPC 1959

42

Revised l'rotional Plumbing Code ~ the Philippines

Stction 404- STRAINERS AND CONNEL"TTONS 404.1

Straiuen -all plumbing fixtures other than water closets and siphon action washdown or blowout urinals, shall be equipped with approved strainers having an approved w?Jerway area. The strainers serving shower drains shall have waterway equivalent to the area of the tailpiece~ (meaning, the sum of all the areas of the perforations of the strainer is equivalent to the outlet area) .

4:J4.2

Connections - Fixtures having concealed slip joint connections shall be provided with an access panel or utility at least 0.3 meter in its least dimension and arranged so that the l.aoo; -

Tbcaters. AIXIitoriums, convention Balls, 1. dl:.. for public

1I '

I

I

~itorics' Sf;bcOI or Labor

'I I

rl):(!!litories for f sarr~

t

Femalen 3: J.. so 4: 51·100 8: 101-200 I I :2111-400 Over 400, add I fiXIurt: fol each additional 500 males •md 2 for each 300 females l;emale 1 ~ Male I pa 10 lper8 Add I fixtun: for each additiO!lB.l 25 males (on:r 10) and I for ateh additional 20 females (over _!!)

Male: 1: 1-100 2: 101-200 3:201400

Male

Female':{"

1: 1-100 2: 101-200 3: 201-400 4: 40 i -600 Over 600, adtl I fi,.~ure for each aJ.ditiona1 500 males

---

Mlile 1: 1-200 2: 201·400 3: 40 1-750

Ov.:r 750, udd I fixture for each additional SOO ~'1SOOS.

Male Female I per 12 I J'>O" 12 Over ISO, add I fixture for each additional20 males and I for each IS a;erLUttnins. The31t:rs, audttonwus. tk,nr.Jton::s, llnillflS sh•ul have one ( l) drin.\.ing fowltaul for the ftisl seventy-live l7S) persons a.nJ om: (I) additional fountain fCir each one hundred ru1d fifi) (I SO) persons then:atler.

There shulllx> a minimwn of one ( I) ectional area at the scat of the control valve

c-r the supply pipe or tubing which feeds the device or outlet If two or more lines supply one outlet, the d!'ectivc opc1ling shaU be the swn of the cross-sectional areas of the individual supply li11es or the area of d:c: single outlet whichc\'er is snnller.

~ Airgap Jess th.1n 25 nun shall only be approved as a pcnnaucnt rmt of a listed assembly that has \ teen tested under actual h:!.cktlow conditions with vacuwus of from 0 to 63 .5 em. of me j

59

Water Supply a:td Distribution

TABLE 6-2 BACKFLOW ASSlRAINAGE SYSTEl\t1 Section 701- MATERIAl.S 701.1

Excreta Drainage pipings shall be cast iron, ductile iron, galvanized stee~ galvanized wrought iron, lead, copper, brass, Series 1000 PVC DWV. extra-strength vitrified clay pipe or other approved materials having smooth and uniform bore except that:

701.1.1

No galvanized wrought iron or galvanized steel pipe shaH be used underground and shall be kept at least 152 mrn above ground.

701.1.2

ABS and PVC DWV piping installations shall be used in higlHise buildings, provided that its use shall be the discretion of the Master Plumber/Designer and also with the full consent of the owner.

701.1.3

No vitrified clay pipes or fittings for building drain or sewer shdl be used above ground or whenever piping is pressurized by a pump or ejector. They shall be kept at least 0.3 meter below finish ground level.

701.2

Drainage fittings shall be of cast iron, malleable iron, lead, brass, copper, ABS, PVC, vitrified clay, or other approved materials having a smooth interior waterway of the same diameter as the piping served and all such fittings shall be compatible with the type of pipe used.

70 1.2.)

Fittings on screwed pipe joints shall be of the recessed drainage type. Burred ends shall be reamed to the full bore of the pipe.

701.2.2

The threads of drainage fittings shall be tapped to allow two (2) percent or 21 m.m/m grade.

S«tion 702- FIXTURE UNIT EQUIVALENT 702.1

The Fixture lJnit (F.lJ.) rating of plumbing fixtures shown on Table 7-2 shall be based on the size of the trap required, and the fixture Unit equivalent of fixtures and devices not shown in Table 7-2 shall be based on the rated discharge capacity in liters per second in accordance with the Table 7-3

Maximum trap loadings for sizes up to 102 mm arc as follows:

* Sc?c.

2-IJ

2-13 · 2-l.f 2.f5 NIY' 1959

78

Revi!>ad N'.ture Unit of Drainage Piping:

-...

l

Vertical

1

22

16

32

2

Horizontal Mnxjmum Length of: Vertical Piping Meter Horizontal (Unlimited) Vent Piping Horizcntal and Vertical

l

2

83

143

B. 3

c.

--

3

-

4

256

600

1380

3600

5600

84Ct:~

4

216)

428$ ..

720~

2640~

4680~

82zy/

3

48

35

~

1 j

'

14

20

26

45

65

91

119

155

I'

22R

~

l 1

4

5

i

3. 4.

5.

'

...

I

I

83

24

48

84

l 'i6

600

1380

3600

14

18

37

55

65

91

I I9

155

228

+---r i

_i

(See Note)

l. 2.

!

"' l

i-

Mamnum Fixture Unit Maximum Lengths meter

I

I

Excluding trap arm. Except sinks, urinals and dishwashers. Except 6 fixture unit traps or water closets. Only four (4) water closets or 6 fixture unit traps are allowed on any vertical pipe or stack~ and not to exceed three (3) water closets or six (6) fixture unit traps on any horizontal branch or drain. Based on two (2) percent or 20.9 mm/rn slope. For one (I) percent or 10.4 mmi m slope, multiply horizontal tixture units by a factor of 0.8.

Note: The diame-ter of an individual vent shall not be less than 32 mm nor iess in si::e than une·lwlf {112) the diamt'fer rl the drain to which it is connected Fixture unit load values for draina~-:e and vem piping shall be computed from Tables 7-2 and 7-3 not ro exceed one third (1 13) of thr: total permitted length ofany vent may he instullecl in a horizontal position. When wms an! im reased one ( I) pipe \·ize f or tht:ir entire /eng:h, Jhe maximum length limitations specified in this tahlt~ do not apply.



Revised N:3to11al Humbing Code of the Philippines

CLEANOUTS (mdric)

Size of r:pe (·~' ..11)

Item

......

No.

•• •,,

loadm;"l j. 400! 275 -~

..1 ,C>()Qi6 75

6,Roo. 300

No mirwnum

!l, 000!7 2 .'i

I

11 .?0!)' 235

-,

! ~

!

Chapter

13

JOINTS AND CONNECTIONS • Section 1301 - TIGHTNESS Pressure test on joints and cormections of pipes and fittings in the plumbing system shall be required to ensure ga!>tight and watertight connections. •• Section 1302 -

TYPF~S

OF JOINTS

!302.1

Caulked Joints -· for bell-and-spigot cast iron soil pipe (CISP) and other similar joints shall be firmly packed with oakum or hemp and filled with molten pig lead to a depth of not less than 25.4 mm. The lead shall be caulked thoroughly at the inside and outside edges of the joint. After caulking, the finished joint shall not extend more than 3.2 mm below the rim of the hub. No paitit, varnish or other coatings shall be permitted on the jointing material until after the joint has been tested and approved. Caulked joints in centrifugally cast iron (CClP) belt-and-spigot water pipe shall be made with non-toxic materials.

1302.2

Threadt>d Joints - for iron pipe size (IPS) pipe and fittings shall be standard taper pipe threads. Threads on plastic pipe shall be f2.ctory cut or molded. Threaded plastic pipe shall be Schedule 80 minimum wall thickness. Tubing threads shall conform to fine tubing thread standards. When a pipe joint material is used, it shall be applied only on the male threads and such materials shall be approved type, insoluble in water and nontoxic. Cleanout plugs and caps shall be lubricated with water-insoluble, non-hardening materiaL Tape is acceptable for use on male threads, onty if screwed pjpe joint.

13023

\Viped Joints - Joints in lead pipe or fittings or between lead pipe ( lr fittings and brass cr copper pipe, fernlles, solder nipples or traps shall be fuli-wipcd lead joints. Wiped lead joints shall have an exposed surface on ea~~h side of a joint not less than 19 nun and at least as thick as the rrr.~!erial being joined. Wall or floor flange lead-wiped joints shall be made t:; ·_;sir.g a lead ring or flange placed behind the joint at wall or floor . .loints b ..:~v, ~cn lead pipe and cast iron, steel or wrought iron pipe shall be made by me::.r.~ of a caulking ferrule or sold~ring nipple.

• Sec. 168 NPC 1959 •• Sec. 170 173 NPC 1959

137

Revised National Plumbing Code of the Phlllppines

1302.4

Solder and Sweat Joints ··· Joints in copper tubing shall be made by the appropriate use of approved brass or coprer fittings. Surfaces to be joined by soldering shall be cleaned bright by manual or mechanical means. The jnints shall be properly fluxed with an approved noncDrrosive type flux and made up with approved solder. All solder and fluxes shall be manufactured to approved standards. Solders ano fluxes with a le~.d content which exceeds 0.002 are prohibited in piping systems used to convey potable water.

1302.5

Flared Joints - for soft copper water tubing shall be made with fittings meeting approved standmds. The tubing shall be e,.pandcd with a proper flaring tool.

1302.6

Cement Mortar Joints -· Except for repairs and connections to existing lines constructed with such joints, cement mortar joints arc prohibited on new building sewers.

1302.7

Burned Lead Joints - shall be lapped and the assembly shall be fuse(. N5 9

Revised National Plumbing Code of the Philippines

1406.2

Caulked-on closet rings or closet flanges shall not be less than 6.4 mm thick and not less than 51 in overall depth.

1406.3

Closet rings or dosct flanges shall be burned or soldered to lead bends or lead ferrule or c-aulked to cast iron soil pipe, solvent cemented to ABS or PVC tubes and ~crewcu or fastened in an approved manner to other pipe materials

\406.4

All such closet rings or closet flan ges shall be adequately designed and sccur~d tu the water closet to support the fixture connected thereto and the water closet base shall be anchored with additional pair of bolts to the concrete Hour. There wi ll be tour (4) bolts per water closet.

1406.5

Closets screws, bolts, washers, and similar fasteners shall be of brass, copper, or ot her listed equally corrosi~.) n resistunt materi als. All such screws and bolts shall be of adequate size and number to properly connect the floor flange and anchor the fixture to the tloor.

• Section 1407- CLEANOUT Fl1TINGS l·l07. 1

Each clcanout fitting for cast iron soil pipe shall consist of a cast iron or brass body and an approved screwed brass plug. Each cleanout for galvanized wrought iron, galvani zed steel, copper or brass pipe shall consist of a brass plug as specified in Table 14-4 or a standard weight brass cap ~>r an approved ABS or PVC plastic coupling and plug. Plugs shall have raised square heads or approved countersunk rectangular slots. when cleanout is installed along travel ways.

1407.2

Each cleanout fitting and each cleanout plug or cap shall be of an approved type. Materials used fi)r cleanouts shall conform t.o approved standards acceptable to the Administrative Authority.

1407.3

C'lcancuts shall be designed to be gas and wate11igbt wi1hout !he any gasket, packing or washer.

us~

cf

Stction 1408 - TH RF:AOI of Materials. Plumbing Matenals a~
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