Elements of a Short Story With Cinderella Examples
The Short Story. Source: http://exchange.guhsd.net/. A short story is a short piece of fiction Learn the elements of sho...
The Short Story
A short story is a short piece of fiction Learn the elements of short stories through the classic “Cinderella”
Setting • Setting is the time and place of the story’s action. Setting includes ideas, customs, values, and beliefs.
The setting in “Cinderella” • The story taes place a long time ago in a land ruled by a ing and a !ueen.
Characters • Characters are the actors in a story’s plot. They can be people, animals, or "hatever the "riter chooses. • The protagonist is the main character. • The antagonist is the person in conflict "ith the main character. #ot all stories have antagonists.
Characters in “Cinderella” • The main characters are Cinderella, the stepsisters, their mother, the fairy godmother, and the prince. • $rotagonist% Cinderella • Antagonist% the stepsisters, their mother
$oint of &ie" • $oint of vie" refers to the relationship of the narrator, or storyteller, to the story. • 'n first(person point of vie", the narrator is a character in the story, referred to as “'.” • 'n third(person limited point of vie", the narrator reveals the thoughts of only one character, referring to that character as “he” or “she.” • 'n third(person omniscient point of vie", the narrator no"s everything about the story’s events and reveals the thoughts of all the characters.
Cinderella is told through the third(person omniscient point of vie".
Theme • Theme is the central idea or message of a story, often a perception about life or human nature. • Stated themes are directly presented in a story. • 'mplied themes must be inferred by considering all the elements of a story and asing "hat message about life is conveyed. • The theme of “Cinderella” is implied. The reader can infer the message that if you are in a bad situation, you should do the best that you can. 'n the end, things "ill "or out for you.
$lot • $lot is the se!uence of events in a story. )ach event causes or leads to the ne*t. $lot is often created through conflict, a struggle bet"een opposing forces. • An e*ternal conflict is one bet"een a character and an outside force, such as another character, nature, society, or fate. • An internal conflict taes place "ithin the mind of a character "ho is torn bet"een opposing feelings or bet"een different courses of action.
$roblem and Conflict in “Cinderella” • $roblem% Cinderella "ants to go to the ball, but her stepsisters prevent her from going. • Conflict% The conflict is e*ternal+Cinderella versus the stepsisters and their mother.
Types of Conflict • Conflict is generally categorized in the following ways: – an versus an: this is an external struggle between two characters – an versus Society: this is an external struggle between a character and a social force or condition produced by society, such as poverty, political revolution, or a set of values – an versus #ature: this is an external struggle between a character and some natural obstacle or natural condition – an versus Self : this is an internal struggle within a character, where aspects of his or her personality may struggle for dominance. These aspects may be emotional, intellectual, or moral.
The -ive Stages of $lot • )*position introduces the story’s characters, setting, and conflict. • ising action occurs as complications, t"ists, or intensifications of the conflict occur. • Clima* is the emotional high point of the story. • -alling action is the logical result of the clima*. • esolution presents the final outcome of the story.
The / Stages of plot in Cinderella fairy Cinderella lives with her stepsisters and their mother. they make her wear rags and do all the hard work.
n invitation to the ball arrives.
godmother appears and provides Cinderella with clothes, a coach, and footman.
Cinderella dances with the prince, but leaves hurriedly at midnight" losing a slipper
Cinderella goes to the ball. !he stepsisters go to the ball.
!he stepsisters try to force their feet into the slipper. #t fits Cinderella.
!he prince says he will marry the woman whom the slipper fits.
Cinderella and the prince marry.
!hey live happily ever after.